This prime area can also contain many sub-territories of females, who also mark their areas similarly but not as regularly. They do however specially mark their areas when they are in estrus and ready to breed. The dominant male, although protective towards the tigresses of his territory and their cubs from rival males, remains so only until the cubs are dependant on their mother. As soon as the cubs attain adulthood, they have to move out and find territories of their own in surrounding areas. These areas too have to be sometimes fought over as they are already marked by previously driven out males or others that have been powerful enough to invade these areas but not strong enough to take over the prime area.
These territorial battles are nature's method of ensuring a healthy gene pool in two ways. Firstly, only the most healthy and powerful male and females manage to inhabit the prime area and secondly, it ensures that the chances of in-breeding are reduced to the very minimum.
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the beaten Track Conservation Censuses
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